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Daraleœ

The Daraleœ are nomads who live in the desert above the Tal cliffs. Their language is akin the the Khoisan languages of southern Africa.

The Daraleœ consonants are:

Bialbial Dental alveolar pal-alv/pal velar uvular glottal

Stop p b t d - - - - k g q G /

Nasal m n - - - ŋ

Fricative f v - - s z - - - h

Lateral - - l l - - - -

L.F. - - - - - L

Click Ž œ

Implosive - -

Approximant - r - - -

 

Vowels:

 

Semivowels:
j w

 

 

Morphology

The Daraleœ language is a simple agglutinative language with a very limited lexicon, as they do not have much variation in their lives. Their cases and usages are as follows:

Case

Singular

Plural

Absolutive (intransitive subject; transitive object)

-

-(a)s

Genitive

-el

-(a)sel

Ergative (transitive subject)

-at

-(a)sat

Comitative (Instrument)

-ūl

-(a)sūl

Locative (place where/to/from/at)

-eh

-(a)she

Essive (function preformed)

-(a)sē

Allative

-e?e

-(a)se?e

Vocative

-d

-(a)sd

Terminative

-!ī

-(a)s!ī

 

Daralec verbs are extremely simple. Just past, present, future, (im)perfective.

Person

Singular

Plural

1st

-ai

-oni

2nd

-(e)q

-L

3rd

-(a)dif

Past -amek-

Subjunctive (if): -aa-

Present Participle: -ja-

Future -ipam-

Causative: -ŋV-(takes the tense vowel and no tense infix)

Past Participle: -ẽj-

Imperfective -gil-

Perfective -kir-

Future Patticiple: -ĩji-

The subjunctive is usually only used when refering to god. There is no infinitive[1].

 

Examples: danqal ilī for.

<good thou ?>

How are you?

horl-kir-amik-eq ilī mukal for.

<hunt-perf-past-2nd-sg thou mukal-Abs. ?>

Did you hunt the mukal?

aa anasti for.

<Subjun. God ?>

If God is willing.

/horl-ŋe-eq mukal ganalūl for/

<hunt(caus-past-2nd-sg) mukal(Abs) they(Com.) ?>

Who did you send to hunt the mukal?

Syntax

 

Lexicon

Nouns are in their nominative singular form, and verbs are in their 1st person sg present.

There is no to be. Sentences which would use it in English simply have no verb. The language does not use imperatives. Relative clauses are separate sentences. Adjectives agree with their nouns in case and number. Verb stems act as paticiples, adding the noun affixes to them. The sentence order is usually VSO?,? standing for for, which indicates a question.

 

 

(h)a-buzzard

aln/or -a small squat, green plant w/small yellow flowers. C.20cm tall.

afn- a large coniferous tree about 2m in height, with flaky bark; the branches curl upwards almost like a snake. Grows on the edges of the Daraleœ desert.

zogo-a desert version of the Great Cats of Earth, inhabits the Daraleœ Desert

ŋt-fox

basadanai-sleep

danqal-good (adj)

daraleœ-the Daraleœs name for themselves.

daran-plateau

ivu-boar

ē-wolf

embuvu-horse

eumbi-crow

fnondja-jumping

for-used to indicate a question

ganal, (pl.) ganalas-he, she, it, they

gni-lizard

han, (pl.) hanas-I, we (rarely used)

horlai-hunt

ilī, (pl.) ilīs-thou, you

imbnq-caribou

is-prefix great(used in epithets)

janastai-walk

jizaŋga-harrier

œaserfuolai-see

œka-spear

anasti-the Daraleœs god. They are a monothiestic people, and do not sacrifice.

ntsa-coyote

karnalest -a stone ampitheater, common in the badlands of the Daraleœ Desert

laqmja-gliding

mlempi-buffalo

mbinqusja-drinking

mukl -a small desert rodent

ndik-eagle

ndonda-ferret

ntvequ-lion

ŋkusa-mouse

ŋgingundu-cougar

ŋgfed- wolverine-like creature of the mountains

ngsivu-wren

ngamp-beaver

ngo-bison

nguvvno-dog

oaŋembu-hare

orēodon-an orēodont adapted to desert life, used as a pack animal when tamed, and also hunted {?related to Salanja orēodont?}

otondofo-deer

ongbe/u-moose (Egitic)

qgmb-leaping

sanaœ-hello (greeting)

sanaœaœī-goodbye (the ending is actually the Terminative, but the /!/ has been replaced

by the /œ/ due to the latter's prescence in the previous syllable.)

saŋkol-and

uhnq-kestrel

unanquke-heron

upaz-cormorant

untuhe-a burrowing creature of the desert not unlike the vole

wa/asuleg-the desolation of being in the badlands completely alone

wuguŋkolu-goat

vmb-hawk

womomp-falcon

ēœnai-live

aŋkLa-diving

/nga-bear

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(is-)hgju (great) condor

floating sezov-ja

av/e-kingfisher

mpusd-ja-limping

ibsa-mule

nqaLuz- a muskrat-sized creature, but built more along the lines of a desert kangaroo

osprey tobombi

otter /qiv

owl umpnqe

ox ŋkagi

panther duta

petrel nduw

porcupine nqushnte

possum baund

pouncing Lanua

pronghorn poal

puma ngndeli

racoon mpeszu

raven ugŋa

running aŋgani

sandpiper ŋd

scampering qunq

scouting btma

skunk amponqe

soaring u

sparrow ntŋginq

sparrowhawk o

springing uŋkedet

sprinting ngbaŋa

stalking lkeguso

strike ntbu

swallow ongijo

swift pambenge

thrush ndngit

vulture uzenge

walking zamoLi

watching saŋki

wildcat lushu

 

 

ŋgo

jlŋgu

nejushu

nqiaqi

gjnda

?mpgo

ŋmbishi

sha

himpjohu

gozi

ŋigu

ndig

jpe

?eDHLmbng'ke

enduke

DHLuNqu

iŋgnte

zNqaqu

Nisitu

zeuGondo



[1] This is a strange feature change, as both Drūl and the Highland Zēīn show infinitives (the Highland Zēīn form is a relic from the Fanai language, as not even the Old Salanjan Language or its Ker relatives had infinitives), and they are formed exactly in the way that related forms should change according to the changes for those two languages from Proto-Daralec.